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National Curriculum Aims for Science

The national curriculum for science aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • develop scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics
  • develop understanding of the nature, processes and methods of science through different types of science enquiries that help them to answer scientific questions about the world around them
  • are equipped with the scientific knowledge required to understand the uses and implications of science, today and for the future.


Science at Bishop's Waltham Junior School


  • All children will have an increased knowledge and understanding of our world, whilst developing specific skills associated with enquiry and thinking scientifically
  • Children will be encouraged to form a curiosity about the world, respect for living organisms and the physical environment
  • They will be provided with opportunities for evaluation of evidence to help them understand how and why things work
  • Children have the opportunity to perform practical investigations so that they become enquiry based learners. They have the opportunity to plan, make observations, use simple equipment, take measures, identify and classify as well as being encouraged to question their findings.
  • Scientific vocabulary is taught and developed throughout the key stage.



  • The subject leader plans the curriculum units, ensuring that the curriculum stays relevant and up to date through contact with other professionals. The curriculum ensures that a variety of skills and topics are covered
  • Science is taught across an afternoon for a block of sessions. Some year groups choose to block their science termly over the course of one/two days.  It is taught in explicit units in line with the national curriculum
  • Teachers build on what has previously been taught with some topics being repeated Year 3-Year 5 and Year 4-Year 6.
  • Working scientifically is integrated into the planning
  • Where possible links are made to other subjects to enrich learning
  • Pre-teaching/ over learning of scientific vocabulary is used to ensure understanding of key vocabulary
  • Throughout the school year, science events happen for example competitions, visitors and STEM events



Success will be monitored through:

  • Summative assessment at the end of each unit, which identifies children working below or above expected levels in the key objectives.
  • Teacher’s feedback shows that CPD has allowed them to become more secure in their subject knowledge and delivery of the curriculum. The positive impact is evident in work, lessons, environment and pupil voice surveys.
  • Pupils work shows progress in knowledge, vocabulary and skills throughout the school
  • Lessons show that pupils can ask relevant questions and reflect upon their findings
  • Pupil voice surveys show that pupils are enthusiastic about their learning
  • By the end of Key Stage 2, children are equipped with key knowledge and skills

Our Curriculum Overview      


Year Three

Autumn 1

Autumn 2

Spring 1

Spring 2

Summer 1

Summer 2

1. Magnets – 6 lessons


2. Animals, skeletons and movement – 6 lessons

3. Solids Liquids and Gases – 7 lessons

4.Plants and their food production -7 lessons

5.Light – 6 lessons

6.Rocks and soils – 4 lessons

Understanding magnetic force

Skeletons and muscles

Grouping into solids, liquids and gases, change of state when heating and cooling, water cycle

How do plants make their own food?

Reflection of light

Grouping of rocks, looking at how soils are formed


Year Four

Autumn 1

Autumn 2

Spring 1

Spring 2

Summer 1

Summer 2

7. Making electrical circuits work-6 lessons

8. Digestion – 7 lessons

9. Plant Reproduction – 7 lessons

10. Mixtures and separating them – 8 lessons

11. Living things- 6 lessons


Simple series circuits, switches, conductors and insulators,

Digestive system, food chains

Plant reproduction and seed dispersal

dissolving liquids, separating substances,


Group living things, use classification keys, changing environments


Year Five

Autumn 1

Autumn 2

Spring 1

Spring 2

Summer 1

Summer 2

12. Fossils, geological time and classification – 4 lessons

13.Space and Gravity – 8 lessons

14. Making New Substances – 8 lessons

15. Forces that oppose motions -8 lessons

16. Circulation – 7 lessons


Evolution , classification and fossilisation

Movement of planets, earths rotation, moons and gravity

Reversible and irreversible changes

How things move, air resistance, water resistance, friction, levers, pulleys and gears

Circulatory system, functions of heart, blood vessels and blood, impact of diet and exercise, nutrients transportation



Year Six

Autumn 1

Autumn 2

Spring 1

Spring 2

Summer 1

Summer 2

17. How light behaves – 7 lessons

18.Classification and evolution – 7 lessons

 19.Controlling electrical circuits -8 sessions


20. Sound – 10 sessions


Light travels in straight lines, reflection of light into eyes, shadows

variation of offspring, adaptation, natural selection

Current, voltage, resistance


Vibrations, how sounds are made, pitch